As a UK accountant, one of the most common tax reliefs that clients ask about is Principle Private Residence Relief (PPR). This relief can be a significant tax saver for those selling their homes, but it is essential to understand the rules and regulations surrounding it.
What is PPR?
Firstly, PPR allows you to sell your main residence without incurring capital gains tax (CGT). However, if you have let out part of your home, it can affect your entitlement to PPR.
If you rent out your home, then you will not be able to claim PPR for the period it is let. However, relief may still be available for the period you lived in the property and for the final 9 months of ownership.
How is PPR calculated if you let the property?
To calculate the PPR tax reduction for the let period, you will need to apportion the gain between the period it was your main residence and the period it was rented out. The amount of tax relief will be calculated based on the proportion of time the property was your main residence.
For example, if you lived in the property for five years, and then rented it out for two years, there would be seven years of ownership. The tax relief would apply for five years, but the remaining two years would be subject to CGT with an adjustment for the 9 month period.
How do you calculate the Gain?
Calculating the capital gain can be a complex process and may be affected by several factors such as the purchase and sale price, any home improvements made during ownership, and the length of ownership. It is recommended to seek specialist advice from a tax professional to ensure all factors are considered in the calculation.
How is the Gain taxed and reported?
The rates of CGT vary depending on the individual’s income tax rate. Currently, basic rate taxpayers will pay CGT at a rate of 18%, and higher rate taxpayers will pay at a rate of 28% on gains above the tax-free allowance of £12,300 (2022/23), £6,000 (2023/24), £3,000 (2024/25).
This blog explains how CGT is reported to HMRC How and when do you report capital gains tax on residential property disposals? – Steve J Bicknell Tel 01202 025252
How can you use Form 17?
Its worth seeking advice before the sale of any property as there could be ways to reduce the CGT for example couples can use Form 17 to change the ownership Declare beneficial interests in joint property and income – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk) and make best use of their tax allowances.
Working away and conculsion
If you work away from home, you can still claim PPR if the property remains your primary residence. However, if you buy another property to live in, this may affect your eligibility for PPR.
In conclusion, PPR can be a valuable tax relief for those selling their main residence. However, if you have let out your property, this may affect your entitlement to PPR. It is essential to understand the rules and regulations surrounding PPR and seek specialist advice when necessary.