If you pay interest on a personal loan then you used to lend money to your limited company then you can probably claim tax relief on the interest that you pay on your personal loan.
Here are the rules from HS340 – You may be able to claim relief for interest paid or for alternative finance payments where the loan or alternative finance arrangement is used to:
- buy ordinary shares in, or lend money to, a close company in which you own more than 5% of the ordinary share capital on your own or with associates
- buy ordinary shares in, or lend money to, a close company in which you own any part of the share capital and work for the greater part of your time in the management and conduct of the company’s business, or that of an associated company
- acquire ordinary share capital in an employee controlled company if you are a full-time employee – we regard you as a full-time employee if you work for the greater part of your time as a director or employee of the company or of a subsidiary in which the company has an interest of 51% or more
- acquire a share or shares in, or to lend money to, a co-operative which is used wholly and exclusively for the purposes of its business
- acquire an interest in a trading or professional partnership (including a limited liability partnership constituted under the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2000, other than an investment limited liability partnership)
- to provide a partnership, including an limited liability partnership, with funds by way of capital or premium or in advancing money, where the money contributed or advanced is used wholly for the partnership’s business – if the partnership is a property letting partnership, read information about the residential property finance costs restriction
- buy equipment or machinery for use in your work for your employer, or by a partnership (unless you’ve already deducted the interest as a business expense) – relief is only available if you, or the partnership, were entitled to claim capital allowances on the item(s) in question – if the equipment or machinery was used only partly for your employment, or only partly for the partnership business, only the business proportion of the loan interest or alternative finance payments qualifies for relief)
You cannot claim relief for interest on overdrafts or credit cards.
The limit on Income Tax reliefs restricts the total amount of qualifying loan interest relief and certain other reliefs in each year to the greater of £50,000 and 25% of ‘adjusted total income’.
To claim the tax relief you enter the amount of interest paid on your self assessment return under Additional Information SA101 ‘Qualifying Loan Interest Paid in the Year’.
This could be useful for Property Investors who invest via a limited company. Here is an example
Fred Smith owns his own home worth £500k without a mortgage
He borrows 75% £375k against his home and lends it to his limited company, the interest rate from his broker is 2% cheaper than borrowing in his limited company.
So he could save £7,500 a year interest
He also gets tax relief on the interest that he has paid.