A grant is an amount of money given to an individual or business for a specific project or purpose.
You can apply for a grant from the government, the European Union, local councils and charities.
- you won’t have to pay a grant back or pay interest on it
- you won’t lose any control over your business
Financial assistance in the form of grants is subject to the normal taxation rules, as supplemented by S105 Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005 and S102 Corporation Tax Act 2009 (see BIM40465). Under normal rules the tax treatment of grants will depend on whether they are capital or revenue.
Grants which meet revenue expenditure, such as interest payable, are normally trading receipts.
See also Smart v Lincolnshire Sugar Co. Ltd  20TC643 and Burman v Thorn Domestic Appliances (Electrical) Ltd  55TC493.
Grants which meet capital expenditure are normally not trading receipts.
Grants that may be capital in nature include those paid to acquire capital assets or to facilitate the cessation of a trade or part of a trade.
See The Seaham Harbour Dock Co. v Crook  16TC333).
A capital grant reduces any qualifying capital expenditure for capital allowance purposes, see CA14100.
See BIM40451 for more details
The Accounting Rules are set out in section 24 of FRS102, neatly explained by Steve Collings in his blog, click here to read it